The article examines social, cultural and technological factors that have a considerable impact on the approaches to the compilation of dictionaries, in particular the dictionaries of similes; postmodern ideas related to language, interactivity of a modern speaker. A special attention is devoted to the phenomenon of norm-centered approach. It analyses the problem of dictionary material selection, especially the controversial issue pertaining to the representation of author’s individual units, criteria of the word or utterance usage, dynamics of the phraseological system. It suggests the conclusions about the compilation of different-type dictionaries.
Key words: dictionary compilation, thesaurus, standard dictionary, dictionary of similes, norm-centered approach, interactivity, author’s individual simile, transformed simile, dynamics of phraseological systems.